Religious order and secular Franciscans celebrate the Transitus of St. Francis of Assis on Oct. 3, the eve of his feast day. The “passage” from earthly to eternal life calls to mind the Last Supper in the breaking of the bread and washing of the hands. (STEPHEN DOWELL)

Franciscans recall death of St. Francis

WINTER PARK | It was dusk and the sun’s fading hues penetrated the large glass wall that stands behind the altar at the Mary, Mother of God Chapel at San Pedro Spiritual Development Center in Winter Park.

A small procession entered, the St. Francis candle representing his light in the world leading the way, followed by others, one carrying the Book of the Gospels, another with two loaves of bread and another with water. It was the eve of the feast of St. Francis of Assisi, a night in which professed religious and lay Franciscans all over the world gather to commemorate the solemn hours before their patron’s death on Oct. 4.

The commemoration is known as Transitus, the Latin word for passage, and celebrates the journey from this life to eternal glory. It is a tradition dating back to the saint’s canonization in 1228.

“When we celebrate the passing of St. Francis from this earthly life into eternity, we honor a saint who embraced his human mortality as ‘sister death,’” said William Shade, a Secular Franciscan who is the minister of Lady Poverty Fraternity. He comes each year to pay his respects and recommit himself to his vocation.

St. Francis understood death in the context of God’s divine plan of creation and embraced it as a necessary step to be fully in union with God. In his own words, St. Francis reminds Franciscans and all faithful of our mission when he said, “I have done what was mine to do. May Christ teach you what is yours.”

“It’s always a great celebration,” said Franciscan Father Anthony Aarons, Diocese of Orlando’s Missionary of Mercy. “For Franciscans, it’s similar to the Passover of Jesus because, in a sense, St. Francis said he wanted to re-enact that in his own life.”

Father Aarons recalled the first time he experienced a Transitus just after he had joined the Franciscan order, prior to becoming a novice at Little Portion Friary, New York.

“It brought me to tears because, at the time we were commemorating the death of St. Francis, the bell was tolled 44 times to signify the number of years St. Francis spent on this earth. It was very moving,” he said. “They had a habit laid out on the floor with five red votive candles at the spots where St. Francis received the stigmata. Therefore, that also reminded me of the words of St. Paul, ‘I bear in my body the marks of Christ crucified.’ For me, the Crucifixion, the Passion of Christ crucified is very powerful and we see that in the life of St. Francis, and I want to see that in my own life.

“There was the reading of the washing of feet before he died and the taking of bread,” he added. “It shows how much we are connected with the paschal mystery of Jesus. So when we can see an ordinary human being experience that, it says in the same way we too can experience that.”

The commemoration includes excerpts from Thomas of Celano’s book “The Life of St. Francis” describing the saint’s passing and detailing preceding days. An excerpt reads: “While therefore the brothers were weeping very bitterly and grieving inconsolably, the holy father commanded that bread be brought to him. He blessed and broke it and gave a small piece of it to each one to eat. Commanding also that a Book of the Gospels be brought, he asked that the Gospel according to St. John be read to him from the place that begins: ‘Before the feast of the Passover.’ He was recalling that most holy supper which the Lord celebrated as his Last Supper with his disciples. He did all of this in reverent memory of that supper, showing thereby the deep love he had for his brothers.”

The service at San Pedro took part in the same ritual. Each member approached the altar to receive bread broken and poured out for the love of the world and then again to cleanse their hands — a symbol of purification and renewal.

Margie Sweeney, a parishioner of Incarnation in Orlando, is also a member of Lady Poverty Fraternity at San Pedro and attended the evening celebration.

“It’s inspirational and a reminder of our path as Christians. We celebrate that there is a Promised Land that we will all, hopefully, be reaching. We are all on a journey and it is a call to be a Secular Franciscan. It’s special to be a Catholic following in the footsteps of St. Francis because he was called to renew and rebuild the Church. Especially in our times, we are all called to be part of that renewal.”